The Several Josephs Bogy (or Baugis, if you prefer) and Their Stories

 

 

The Baugis Family in Canada: Beauport

 

This is a first attempt to tell the Bogy story from an early beginning in Quebec down through the last of the Josephs Bogy in the late nineteenth century in Missouri. Elsewhere I have told the story of Mary Anne Bogy in her marriage to Eugene Miltenberger as a continuation of the Bogy story. Let me note here, because there are only fragments of this story, my own will contain gaps about which I may conjecture beyond known facts. Ah well, families are full of conjecture.

 

The first Joseph Baugis (thus, the original French spelling) was born in the Bourg de Fragy which lies in the heart of historic Beauport in 1752, the son of a fourth generation Canadian couple, Charles and Elizabeth (Creste) Baugis. My supposition is that the family may have achieved the status of “seigneur” by that date, meaning they acquired land that went with title of local aristocracy. Of course such status did not mean that they were highly educated, only somewhat well off. If so, then why would Joseph leave home and venture into a wilderness a thousand miles away in Arkansas? My suggested reason is the change of governments that went with the French and Indian War (1754-63).

 

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Map from the Siege of Quebec in 1759 with additions in red

 

In point of fact, the war came to the Baugis household with Wolff’s (English) campaign against Montcalm (French) on the Plains of Abraham in September, 1759. The Plains were just west of Beauport below the walls of Quebec. An earlier battle took place in Beauport itself just three months before—there the French prevailed. With the loss of Quebec the war for control of Nouvelle France was virtually over, formalized by the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Many Quebecoise looked south to French settlements in what was to become the United States. So when Joseph Baugis shows up at age seventeen in 1769 as a voyageur shuttling messages between the Arkansas Post and St. Louis, we are not surprised.

 

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Map of Missouri Territory from 1818 with additions in red

 

Joseph Bogy I: Kaskaskia, the Arkansas Post and Three Forks

 

Between this 1769 reference and his wedding in Kaskaskia, Illinois in 1778, we are left in the dark, factually. But his marriage contract with Marie Louise Duplassy tells us that he has established himself enough to marry into a prominent family of one of the oldest towns in Upper Louisiana. Their marriage in August was preceded only a month before by George Rogers Clark’s dramatic taking of Kaskaskia from the British. Recalling the Red Coats taking of Quebec, Joseph cannot have been displeased to see the British defeated. The next ten years are spent in Kaskaskia as we learn from the records, though we can also suppose Joseph continues his ties with the Arkansas Post (hereafter, the Post) and his trading pursuits. At least four children are born in Kaskaskia (Catherine 1779, Joseph 1782, Charles 1785 and Marie Louise 1788), while the last three were born in Arkansas (Louis 1791, Ignace 1796 and Athanase 1796). The Kaskaskia documents show many real estate transactions and the fact that the Bogy couple (adopting the Americanized spelling) were guardians for several minor Duplassy siblings, while also owning their own place. These records seem to show they left town in 1788 for the Post.

 

The Post was the earliest European settlement in the Mississippi Valley, established by Tonti in 1686 on his return from LaSalle’s exploration of the lower Mississippi.   It sat just west of the Mississippi on the Arkansas River. In the hundred years from founding until the arrival of the Bogys, it had struggled to maintain a few soldiers inhabiting the fort, and a handful of French who traded with the many surrounding Indian tribes. By 1790 a new fort was rebuilt closer to the village, between the mouth of the Arkansas and what today is Pine Bluff.  Joseph Bogy established a trading depot in the village (Bogy Township today) and made this his home for the rest of his life.

 

Within fifteen years of arriving there, the Bogys experienced yet another change of government: The United States took over all lands west of the Mississippi from Spain in 1804 through the Louisiana Purchase. By this time, Bogy and sons were well known and well ensconced at the Post. In fact a Joseph Bogy served as secretary to the out going governor at the Post, Juan Ventura Morales, and helped inventory land claims. It is probable that both father and son Josephs served separately in these capacities, with the younger as secretary and the older as land assessor. Son Charles appeared with the American soldiers who took possession of the Post for the United States in 1804. 

 

By this date, the names of both father and several sons begin to turn up in the American records for public service roles such as grand juror, magistrate, sheriff, coroner and the like, as well as on tax rolls. The interesting thing is the fact that Joseph junior (hereafter called Joseph II), the oldest, does not seem to appear in these Arkansas later records. Soon he will make his “escape” from Arkansas.

 

Bogy’s trading ventures seem to have taken him across many ports of call, including Kaskaskia, St. Louis, New Orleans and even Philadelphia. He was called a voyaguer in his marriage contract and almost all of his travel was conducted by the light river craft of his time.  This range was increased when about 1806, Joseph I began another trading venture further west on the Arkansas River in what today is Eastern Oklahoma. Already in 1804 Lewis and Clark had (without visiting) nominated Three Rivers (or Three Forks) as an important juncture for Indian trading because the St. Louis Choteau family had persuaded some Osage to move there. Not waiting for further encouragement, Bogy sent his barges west on the Arkansas to outfit a new post at the confluence of the Vertigris, Grand and Arkansas rivers in 1806. Bogy Landing is just north of the confluence on the Vertigris. They were waylaid by Choctaw and robbed. Years later (1836) the U.S. Congress reimbursed the Bogys for their $10,000 loss. Three Rivers became, as Lewis and Clark had predicted, a major trading center and Bogy was there first.

 

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Map from 1837 of Missouri and the Arkansas Territory (which included Oklahoma at the time).

 

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WPA map of Three Forks and Bogy’s Landing (1937)

 

As Arkansas moved forward, the Bogy clan moved with it. Two Bogy sons signed the petition for territorial status in 1808 and the Post became the capital in 1820. By then Joseph I is going on seventy, but still going strong. This is attested by the prominent English naturalist, Thomas Nuttall, who traveled in Arkansas in 1819 and carried letters of introduction from Philadelphia to Bogy at the Post. Nuttall describes him as lively and active, belying his age—as well as his status of a gentleman, we might add, because he was dressed as a Canadian boatman, which no doubt he still was.

 

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Thomas Nuttall 1786-1859

 

Joseph I died in 1831, a year short of his eightieth birthday, and I assume was buried at the Post. His wife, Mary Louise, died in 1846 at eighty-five (!) and is buried at St. Peter’s Cemetery in Bogy Township. The pioneer family goes on in Arkansas history to gradually fade away in the long shadow of this pair of pioneers.

 

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1859 Map of Arkansas showing approximate outline of Bogy Township in red (added)

 

We now turn to the “man who got away,” Joseph Bogy II. As mentioned above, I could not find any clear reference to Joseph II in the Arkansas records. There is the possibility of confusion between father and son with the same name, such as which Joseph Bogy served as secretary to Governor Morales.

 

Joseph Bogy II: Ste. Genevieve and Lead Mining

 

In any event, we know that Joseph II went to school in New Orleans and that he met his future wife, Marie St. Gemme Bauvais, there. They married in 1805 in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, her hometown.

 

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Marie St. Gemme Bogy 1782-1876

 

Their first child, Joseph (of course) III, was born in Arkansas in 1806, but shortly they moved permanently to Ste. Genevieve. The St. Gemme Bauvais, like the Bogys, were French Canadian transplants to Kaskaskia where they, too, prospered. When the British replaced the French as rulers on the east bank of the Mississippi around 1765, the French Kaskaskians began to move on. Several Bauvais families moved across the river to Ste. Genevieve, while others moved down river to New Orleans. No doubt there were family ties from their common source in Kaskaskia, so the marriage of Joseph III and Marie Bauvais had more family connection than mere fate about it.

 

 The Bauvais family had many interests in Ste. Genevieve and Joseph II may well have used these to make his way. We know that he bought a lot in 1805 and then built a house in about 1810 which is still standing today. Marie and Joseph had a Canadian size family (eleven in all with seven surviving childhood): Joseph (1806-1881); Felicite (1809-1870); Melanie (1811-1900); Lewis Vital (1813-1877); Charles (1815-1870); Felix (1818-1824); Mary (1819-1907); Bruno (1822-1824); Amable (1824-1824); Benjamin (1827-1827); Benjamin Ignace (1829-1900).  Four of the younger boys died in infancy or at toddler age, leaving seven to grow up and marry.

 

Joseph was active in politics and public life early, serving as Ste. Genevieve alderman in 1813 and then on the Council of the Missouri Territory in 1814. It is said he helped draft the Missouri Constitution in the fraught contest to enter the Union which ended in the famous Missouri Compromise of 1820. He went on to serve in state Senate in1822 and the House in 1832.

 

His business career had several facets. His base seems to have been in lead mining in St. Francoise County. But his commercial career used the lead as finance for two general merchandise stores he ran in Ste. Genevieve and Farmington, the county seat in St. Francoise County. I have not been able to determine when or how he acquired his lead mines located in the Flat River area, but there is good evidence that the mining stakes were well know and active. As business records from Philadelphia in the 1830s show, he was factoring it there for purchase of store merchandise. Ste. Genevieve was the entrepot for lead shipment over many decades, starting in the eighteenth century. Mining in general drove commerce there for many years, including iron at a somewhat later date in the 1840s. Joseph’s son, Lewis Vital, became a leader in developing iron mining interests and bringing the railroad to the mining area in the 1850s. But more of that below.

 

Joseph II died in 1842, age sixty, far younger than his Canadian father. His wife, Marie, lived on in the Bogy house until her death in 1876, age ninety (some genes!). Both are buried in the Memorial Cemetery in Ste. Genevieve.  The Bogy House on Merchant Street still stands today, and, as far as I can tell, stayed in the family until 1990 when the last of the Bogy descendants died without children to leave it to.

 

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Modern Photograph of Bogy House in St. Genevieve, MO. (Keith Kalemba)

 

Before telling the story of Joseph Bogy III (1806-1881), I want to interpolate the biographical sketch of his younger brother, Lewis Vital Bogy (1813-1877), both because he was the most recognized public figure of the clan, and because he created an important link to another part of my family history, the Miltenbergers.

 

Lewis Vital Bogy: Lawyer, Banker, Politician

 

Lewis V. Bogy grew up in town with scant education in the formal sense, but not without ambition to go beyond a life behind a counter in his Father’s stores. He attended Ste. Genevieve’s Asylum School in the 1820s and then clerked at the Bossier store down the street from his home for two years. He then went to the college conducted by the Vincentians at the Barrens for a year. By then he wanted to be a lawyer and moved to Kaskaskia to study with Judge Nathanial Pope in 1831. But the Black Hawk War of 1832 intervened and he served in the American army until the war’s inglorious conclusion in the same year. He then went to law school at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky and graduated in two years. He was ready for the big leagues and sought challenge in St. Louis, by then a growing giant of commerce and industry. The year was 1835.

 

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Lewis Vital Bogy 1813-1877

 

His first move was to practice law with Judge Logan Hunton and then to marry Pelagie Pratte, daughter of the fur baron, Bernard Pratte, and sister of the future St. Louis mayor, Bernard Pratte, Jr.  Both moves proved well calculated to advance a career in law and politics. His practice prospered and he moved on to real estate and banking. In the meantime he took on a young lawyer, Eugene Miltenberger, an immigrant from Alsace. Although French himself, Miltenberger spoke German as a near native, which served both the law practice and politics well since German immigrants flooded into south St. Louis in the 1840s and 50s. It was through this partnership that Joseph III’s daughter, Mary Anne, met and married Miltenberger in 1848.

 

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Eugene Miltenberger 1819-1879

Mary Anne Bogy-Miltenberger 1829-1908

 

 

By the late 1840s Lewis Bogy was already active in politics, having been elected as a state representative in 1840 and made a fortune (said to be $192,000 in 1852). He then turned his attention to mining and moved back to Ste. Genevieve area and investing his time and fortune in developing the iron mining industry at Iron Mountain.  For the next ten years or so, 1849-59, Bogy served as president of the Iron Mountain Company. The scheme was to organize iron smelting so that the metal could be shipped more efficiently. Part of this latter enterprise was a railroad from St. Louis to Iron Mountain. A bill authorizing the railroad was passed but vetoed by the Governor in about 1855 at which point Bogy bought out several of his wavering partners and soldiered on. In the event, just as the St. Louis and Iron Mt. Railroad was approved, Bogy ran out of cash and returned to St. Louis and the practice of law, serving in the meantime as president of the new railroad.

 

But politics was never far from Lewis V. Bogy’s line of sight. He was elected as state representative again in 1854-55. In 1852 he took on his major campaign against an aging Thomas H. Benton for Congress and against Frank Blair in 1854, losing to both of these political giants. What these elections represented was the split in the Democratic Party heading into the Civil War. Benton moved the Democratic Party toward the Union in the 1850s and Blair was a disappointed Democrat who helped found the Republican Party in Missouri. The shades of difference across Democrats in the 1850s and 60s was impressive, from Radical to snowflake to secessionist. Bogy got back into politics locally by being elected president of the St. Louis City Council in 1872 and served as City Commissioner of Education in those years as well.

 

During the war years Bogy gave up his law practice because of his position as a Southern sympathizer but Unionist Democrat. When Missouri required all public officials to take an oath for the Union in language that Bogy could not support, he gave up his license. He was active as a banker in the 1850s and 60s, as well as serving as president for such ventures as the St. Louis and Iron Mt. R.R., the Wiggins Ferry Company, and the E. Miltenberger Bank.

 

A return to national politics came when an embattled President Andrew Johnson named Bogy Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1866. For the next eighteen months, Bogy battled Radicals on Capitol Hill who didn’t like his politics, as well as entrenched contractors for the Indian Bureau who didn’t like changes Bogy proposed. He fought them off for a while, but found that he would never be confirmed by a Senate that distrusted both President Johnson  and Bogy for resisting a Reconstruction that punished the South.

 

Bogy got his revenge when the Missouri legislature elected him to that same U.S. Senate in March of 1873. For the next four years Bogy began to display a vigor of debate that others had not noticed in him earlier. He served on various committees there including Indian Affairs, Land Claims, Education, Monetary Affairs, all reflecting his earlier commitments in public life. A touching scene took place in 1875 when former President Andrew Johnson won a seat in Congress and Bogy conducted him to his seat after his oath of office. Johnson died days later. The incident indicated a much deeper tie than transient politics between Bogy and Johnson.

 

Bogy’s term was cut short when he contracted malaria in swampy Washington, D.C. in 1877. He went to Colorado seeking a cure, but succumbed in St. Louis to a liver tumor somehow related to the malaria in October of that year. His estate still held thousand of acres of land, mostly related to speculation on mineral rights I suspect, which proved insufficient to meet his debts. His wife, Pelagie, was left with a mere widow’s dower and she followed him to the grave in 1881. Both are buried in Calvary Cemetery in St. Louis.

 

Joseph Bogy III: Lead Mining and Beyond

 

By contrast, Lewis Vital’s older brother, Joseph Bogy III (1806-1881) was a stay-at-home. His  life was began and ended in Ste. Genevieve County.

 

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Joseph Bogy III 1806-1881

 

 He married locally, if well, to Eleanor Valle in 1827 and they went on to have the (usual Canadian style) family of twelve children, starting with—you guessed it—another Joseph Bogy IV (1828-58?). Mary Anne (1829-1908) was next and she went on, as remarked above, to marry her uncle Lewis’s partner in law and finance, Eugene Miltenberger. Some of the later children seem to have been born outside of Ste. Genevieve itself in the lead mining area west of town. Indeed, Mary Anne is said to have married in 1848 from Richwoods in St. Francoise County.

 

Joseph Bogy III was an active businessman, even as he began to pull away from the mining interests which his father controlled during his lifetime. From the Rose Bogy Archive, it seems that Joseph III and his mother, Mary Bogy, offered the Mine a Joe and Gumbo mines for sale in 1869 for $50,000. J.R. Thompson purchased Gumbo in 1880 and the other mining interests were purchased by Fermin DesLoge in 1873. Bogy also was involved over these years in a proposed venture to transport coal from the Chester, Illinois mines to the iron  smelting plants at Iron Mountain. To my knowledge this scheme never came to fruition.

 

While not as active in politics, perhaps, as his father or brother Lewis, he nevertheless served on an Indian Commission to the Shawnee and other western tribes in 1866, no doubt from an appointment when his brother Lewis was (acting) Indian Commissioner. He appeared on the ballot in 1840 as Whig candidate for Lt. Governor. He also served in both the Missouri House and the Senate in the late 1860s and early 1870s.

 

But he also represented a different take on the Civil War from Lewis Bogy when he organized a Union army unit from Ste. Genevieve County where his son-in-law, George Bond, served.  George had married his daughter Kate [Catherine] (1839-1894) and would have a great grand son, Samuel Christopher (“Kit”) Bond, who would also serve Missouri in the U.S. Senate (1998-2010).

 

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George Bond

Catherine Bogy Bond 1839-1894

 

Joseph III died in 1881 and his wife, Eleanor, in 1878. Both are buried in the Catholic Cemetery in St. Mary’s, along with many of their immediate family members.

 

Joseph Bogy IV (1828-1857?): An Uncertain Finale

 

There remains the curious tale of Joseph IV. The question mark tells part of the story because the family is uncertain where, when and how Joseph IV died. I seem to have found some evidence that he served on the western trails in the 1850s, taking wagon trains to Oregon. But by 1855 he was part of a crew of Americans who were detained in La Paz, Mexico as suspected filibusterers under the command of General William Walker. Joseph and others were jailed in La Paz and brutally treated (or maybe just given the usual treatment of jailed locals of the time?). He then was forced to walk to Mexico City in 1856 and jailed again. Somehow he broke out and plausibly went on to join Walker in Nicaragua. All of these facts and more are contained in correspondence and a claim filed in 1870 by his father, Joseph III, in the name of his son’s estate with the Joint Commission of the United States and Mexico. It seems that the Americans detained in La Paz were eventually acquitted of the charges and, on that basis of innocence able to file a legal claim against Mexico . In 1878  the Commission awarded all American parties, including Joseph IV, $600,000. But before the reader concludes that this was a bonanza, the files record a check for $52.50 and an additional $9.08 two years later—either there were many American claimants, or the lawyers’ fees were generous.

 

 It seems pretty clear that Joseph IV was a Walkerite. The meaning of Walker in his time suggests that his endeavors were related to the Southern cause as he declared slavery reinstated in Nicaragua when he became president in 1856. My conjecture is that Joseph IV went on to Nicaragua in 1856 and died in the war Walker fought against an alliance of other Central American countries organized by Cornelius Vanderbilt in retaliation for Walker’s seizure of Vanderbilt’s railroad assets.

 

 In any event, the line of direct descendants of Joseph Bogys ends with Joseph IV. Could we say that each of these four Josephs shared a certain passion for public life, however manifested?

 

End Notes

 

Two sources for the Bogy family are to be found, first on my website: w.w.w.mcananyfamily.net under “person” by the Bogy surname; and second at the Missouri Historical Society (MHS). The MHS has a Bogy file (Rose Mary Bogy Collection) which tracks the family from 1832 through about 1890 as well as a separate file for Lewis Vital Bogy. The Eugene and Mary Anne Bogy Miltenberger file contains 250 letters 1879-1912 from Bogy descendants. The Internet contains other materials I have used. Early (Canadian) history of the Bogys is found in Vernon Bogy web posting (2001), tracing his ancestor, Benjamin Ignace Bogy.

 

Beauport history is found on various Internet sites. The initial battle took place in Beauport itself in July, 1759 won by the French. The Plains of Abraham battle took place three months later west of Beauport, adjacent to the walls of Quebec, less than two miles away. The Village of Fargy (Bourg du Fargy) sits close to the Church of the Nativity of Our Lady in the historic district. For tracing Beauport genealogy a recent definitive source is Hubert Charboneau et Jacques Legarde, eds. Pepetoire des actes de baptisme, marriage, sepulctures et des recensement du Quebec ancien , Montreal, Presses de Universite de Montreal, (beginning multie volumnes) 1986.

 

Migration from Beauport included another important family, the Valles, who immigrated to Kakaskia at an earlier date.  Joseph Baugis (original spelling) no doubt had news from these Beauport emigrants before he departed. The documentation for his governmental messenger role is found in Louis Hauck, The History of Southeast Missouri, vol. 2, pp.216-17. It should be noted that there is some confusion among authors about which Joseph Bogy is being referred to, e.g. where Joseph II is credited with the handover of Arkansas to the Americans in 1804 and assessing land values, the latter of which seems more plausible for Joseph I.

 

Kaskaskia documents. There are many references to Joseph Baugis (Baugy) and his wife, Mary, in the Ramony H. Hammes Collection in the Illinois State Archives in Springfield. The marriage contract is found on file at 1778:8:17:1. The Baugis parents, Charles and Marie Louise Crete (sic, not Creste) are titled “Sieur” and “Dame,” suggesting seignurial status in Beauport. Marie Louise’s parents are Duguay Duplasy and Catherine  Barrois.  There are 23 references to Joseph Baugis, most having to do with real estate. The last entry is in December 1790. Another reference states that Baugis and wife left for Arkansas in 1788.

 

Marie Louise’s family was headed by Joseph Duguay Duplassy who was killed shortly after her marriage, in November 1780, while accompanying de la Blame in his expedition against he English in Detroit. Prior to that, he had served in the local militia under the British and had been elected to the newly created district court in May 1779. This suggests that Duplassy was trained in the law. His marriage to Catherine Berrois, daughter of the Royal Notary for Kaskaskia, also suggests  a legal background. There were at least two other children besides Catherine, Louis and Jean Baptiste, who would have been younger and became wards of Joseph and Marie Louise in 1786 when their mother died, as I conjecture. Could the Duplassy family be descended from the founder of Beauport? Perhaps there was this Beauport connection.v

 

The Kaskaskia years of the Bogy marriage, 1778-1788 are well covered by Clarence W. Alvord, ed. Kaskaskia Records, 1778-90. Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Society, 1909. Alvord details the growing disenchantment with the Virginians (Americans) by the French residents, many of whom crossed the Mississippi to live under Spanish rule in Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis. The Bogys made a third choice by moving to the Arkansas Post.

 

Joseph and Marie Louise Bogy Family. Fragments of information have been put together on my website under the Bogy surname for the family individuals. Here are the data: Catherine 6.6.79-1.18.55 m. [spouse not named]; Joseph 4.23.83-2.24.42 m. 11.17.05 Marie St. Gemme Bauvais 1782-2.8.76; Charles 7.1.85-11.29.58 m. 4.30.29 Adelphne Vasseur [nd]; Marie Louise 5.17.88-3.23.52 m. ?; Louis 6.26.91-11.14.69 m. 6.6.11 Francoise Michel [nd]; m. 3.4.31 Felicite Menard 8.19.14-1.12.71; Igance 5.6.96-4.72 m. 1.23.24 Desiree Mitchell [nd.]; Athenase 5.6.96-12.29.28 m. 8.4.12 Hewes Scull 1791-?. I am not certain of the fact that all or most of the children were born in Illinois. Some of these facts were found in the following sources for the Bogys in Arkansas: Wayne & Gatewood, The Arkansas Delta: the Land of Paradox (1996); “Territorial Briefs and Records,” University of Arkansas, Bower School of Law, Little Rick, AK; T. Goodspeed, Biographical and Historical Memories of Eastern Arkansas, 1890; “Territorial Papers, Louisiana and Missouri Territories,” 1806-1814 vol.xiv, pp.471-79; Josiah Hayden Shinn, Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas, vol. 1 (1908). Charles Bogy is described as a man of gigantic physical proportions and endurance, credited to his Canadian roots. Territorial Briefs and Records, p.635.

 

 

The Arkansas Post. History of the early Post is found in Stanley Faye, “The Arkansas Post of Louisiana: Spanish Domination,” La. His. Q. 27(3) July 1944. The Post and the Fort were not always distinguished, but they were separate entities , the one commercial and the other military and governmental. The Fort moved to the mouth of the Arkansas on the Mississippi in 1770 but lasted there only a few years. It then moved back to a place proximate to the Post in 1790.  Faye cites the contract with Baugy and Ragaut  to build the barracks for $515 in 1791 at p. 78. The first permanent Catholic parish, St. Stephen, was founded at the Post in 1796. Bogy Township would seem to be the site of Bogy Depot, following the description given by Faye. Mary Bogy is buried in the Township at St. Peter’s Cemetery.

 

 

Three Rivers (or Three Forks), Oklahoma.  The three rivers referred to are the Arkansas, the Grand and the Verdigris.  The site is first mentioned by Lewis and Clark in their diary in 1804 as a potential trading site. Bogy apparently was thinking with the explorers and ventured there in 1806. Reparations for the loss was filed in the United States Congress in 1831 (by Joseph’s estate?) and awarded in 1836, described by Wayne Morris, “Traders and Factories on the Arkansas Frontier, 1805-1822,” Ark. His. Q. 28 (1) 28-46 (Sp. 1969). There was a conflict between federal factories and private traders. In 1805 John Treat became the agent, or factor, for a federal factory at the Post. Between then and 1810 when it was closed, private traders such as Bogy were active. It appears that Bogy was licensed at the territorial government in St. Louis and went west up the Arkansas.  He was the first of many traders doing business at the forks, e.g. A.P.Choteau arrived in 1817 and Sam Houston in 1829. 

 

The source of the drawn map in the text is from a WPA Project in the 1930s, based on research by Grant Foreman, a leading regional historian of the period. Newberry Library, Chicago: Map 6F-G4021 (1937)

 

Thomas Nuttall, FLS, A Journal of Travels into the Arkansas Territory during the Year 1819. Ed. Savoie Lottinville, Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979. Lottinville supplies many valuable footnotes about Bogy, including discussion about the trading post at Three Rivers, his loss of trade goods and his partnership with William Drope, a cotton merchant from New Orleans, p.184, note 1. Also, by 1819 there were four major trading posts at Three Rivers, including the Choteaus of St. Louis. p. 89 note 15. Nuttall brings letters of introduction to Bogy from persons in Philadelphia. This latter maybe be attributed to his early partner, Hewes Scull  whose background was in Philadelphia.

 

Joseph Bogy II. His education in New Orleans is documented in U. L. Reavis, St. Louis: The Future Great City (1875), p. 314. The St. Gemme Bauvais family came from Montreal, Canada to Kaskaskia early and became one of its wealthiest. With the onset of British rule in 1763, they began to move on. Several brothers moved to New Orleans, while Vital and Jean Baptiste St. Gemme Bauvais moved west to Ste. Genevieve. Alvord, The Illinois Country, 1673-1818. Loyola University Press, 1965.

 

The listing of children is found in the Cornelia McKnight Bogy genealogy, “History of Joseph Bogy Family (My Grandfather)” n.d. I own a copy and another can be found in the Rose Mary Bogy file at MHS. While incomplete and inaccurate in places, it takes the family tree from Joseph Bogy II down through his grandchildren. Again, the following individuals are listed on my mcananyfamily.net website. Joseph 9.13.06-10.17.81 m. Eleanore Valle 2.11.10-10.28.78; Felicite 4.3.09-5.11.70 m. 11.14.26 Augustin Janis 7.30.15-7.17.61; Melanie 2.19.11-11.10.00 m. 8.21.32 Eloy LeCompte ?-2.9.90; Lewis Vital 4.9.13-9.20.77 m. 1835 Pelagie Pratte 1813-12.19.82; Charles 5.6.15-4.28.73 m. 4.18.38 Cornelia McKnight ?-8.11.00; Felix 1818-7.23.23; Mary 10.23.19-2.18.07 m. 7.28.45 Henry L. Clark ?-12.4.98; Bruno 11.13.21-4.12.24; Amable 1824-24; Benjamin 1827-27; Benjamin Ignace 7.25.29-9.24.00 m. 7.25.53 Charlotte Mackay 1832-10.10.87. 

 

The Bogy House of 1810 is listed on every Ste. Genevieve preservation site. It stayed in the family until about 1990. It is presently owned by a local historian, Robert Mueller.  The last Bogy occupant was a Margery Boverie Bussen who died in 1990. See, Bill and Patti Naeger, and Mark L. Evans, Ste Genevieve: a Leisurely Stroll Through History (1999): Ste. Genevieve, MO: Merchant Street Publishing, p. 115. She would be the great grand daughter of Joseph Bogy II. 

 

The political career turns up in several places. Lucille Basler, The District of Ste. Genevieve 1725-1980. n.d.  privately published, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. Elected alderman p.182; replaced Fr. James Maxwell on Territorial Council, and drafted the Missouri Constitution p. 186. 

 

The history of the Bogy mining interest has not been documented that I know of. Clearly, Joseph Bogy II deals in lead as a medium of credit to buy merchandise in Philadelphia. See the Rose Mary Bogy Collection in MHS.  There are several sites in St. Francois County named after the Bogys: Bogy Mines between Desloge and Deadwood; Mine-a-Joe; Bogy Tract; Bogy Town near Bonne Terre cf. “Place Names in Ste. Francois County” on internet. When and how the Bogys acquired and sold their mining interests is uncertain. The St. Gemme Bauvais family may have become involved through a son-in-law, Psacal Dechtemendy, who invested in the Mine a Breton area. See, Carl Eckberg, Colonial Ste. Genevieve, 2nd ed. 1996, pp. 153-54. Several of the Bogy mines were eventually purchased by Fermin Desloge II (St. Joe Lead Co.) in about 1873 (or 1883) and returned to high production with the use of modern equipment.

 

 Lewis Vital Bogy. There is no biography of Bogy. As mentioned above, the MHS has a file of letters and other documents under LVB’s name. the Rose Mary Bogy file also contains many letters from LVB to his brother Joseph. The longest account I found  is given in L. U. Reavis, St. Louis, the Future Great City of the World (1875) pp. 223-238, mostly about politics and politicians.  Bogy married Marie Antoinette Pelagie Pratte (1813-1882) in 1835 and they had three children: Joseph (   -1907); Celeste (   -1876); and Josephine (1849-1929). He formed a law partnership with Logan Hunton in 1837 and one with Eugene Miltenberger in 1844 or -45. He and other partners purchased Iron Mountain in 1848. For details of this, see the C.C. Ziegler-Guignon Papers in MHS.  Bogy was the founder of the Missouri State Bank of St. Louis in 1855 with Miltenberger and other partners, cf. Eugene Miltenberger file, MHS. For his term as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, see William Unrau’s spirited but biased piece, “Politics, Bureaucracy and Bogus Administration of Indian Commissioner Lewis V. Bogy 1866-67,” American Indian Law Rev. 5 (1) (1977) pp.185-94. Unrau quotes the Bogy estate in 1852 as valued at $191,000 and suggests it was based on real estate rather than his practice of law.  He says that Bogy directed contracts to “relatives in St. Louis” without naming them. I wonder? Reavis says that Bogy lost his fortune in his mining ventures, without giving details. The Bogy estate in 1877 reflects a good deal of real estate (by my count in excess of 25,000 acres) but few other financial assets. See Estate of Lewis V. Bogy 1877 No. 12886 Probate Court of St. Louis. In fact, the only recoverable asset that his widow received was her dower right. See a summary of the estate in the case of Brown et al. vs. Marshall et al. in the Missouri Supreme Court, 154 SW 811(1912). Also, on the Iron Mountain business, see John Edwards, The History of Missouri ____; and Arthur Cozzens, “Iron industries in Missouri,” 36 (1948) 48-49 Mo.Hist. Q. where the company’s technique with cold blast furnace is praised.

 

For more on his life, see, NY Times obituary from September 21, 1877; and the Memorial in the Senate in March, 1878.

 

Joseph Bogy III and Eleanor Valle Bogy lived in Washington and St. Francoise Counties for some of their early marriage. See, sources cited above on Bogy mining. Family tradition says that Mary Anne lived in Richwoods at the time of her marriage in 1848. Again individual family members are found on my website, www.mcananyfamily.net. Joseph 1828-1858?; Mary Anne 10.13.29-7.28.08 m. 10.13.48 Eugene Miltenberger  9.10.19-4.1.79; Felix 2.28.31-1865 m.10.16.55 Anne Bowen ?-1898; John L. 3.18.33-11.16.04 m. Melanie Valle 7.28.38-6.25.12; Catherine 7.7.39-10.5.94 m. 5.16.59 George Bond nd; Leon 9.18.37-5.10.98 m. Sallie Burgett 3.15.41-4.11.79; m. Kate Burgett nd; Josephine 5.8.41-7.12.19; Felicite 3.6.42-? Marie Eleanore (Laura) 3.9.43-10.30.05 m.11.21.66 Phillip Karst 8.14.31-2.9.22; Marie Rose 4.18.45-2.21.16 m. John Tlapek 2.24.46-1.21.37; Sara 5.30.47-12.13.29; Celeste 5.30.48- ?; Marie Louise nd m. John Caldwell nd; Francis 6.8.56-10.17.45 m. Mary O’Brien

 

For a detailed coverage of early mining in Ste. Genevieve District, see Walter Schroeder, Opening the Ozarks: A Historical Geography of Missouri’s Ste. Genevieve District, 1760-1830. Columbia, MO. U. Missouri Pres, 2002. The Valle family had deep interests in mining which would have reinforced those of the Bogy family. For his Indian Commission service, see U.S. Treaty of 1867 with Seneca, Shawnee and Quapaw. Lanapedelewarehistory.net.

 

The source for Bogy family information is found in Cornelia McKnight Bogy, cited above. This generation of Bogys is portrayed in a collection of photographs in Mary Anne Bogy Miltenberger’s photo albums, owned by a descendant. I have CD copies of the pictures. Both the Miltenberger and Bond photos in the text are drawn from this albumn. The Bogy-Miltenberger story is given by me, “Eugene and Mary Anne Bogy Miltenberger: Up and Down in St. Louis,” w.w.wmcananyfamily.net.

 

The St. Marys Iron Manufacturing document is found in the Rose Bogy Collection MHS. There is reference to Big Bogy Mountain in Iron County which may indicate either Joseph III or Lewis V. Bogy. The burials were recorded by me in “Memorandum on Some Guignon History,” June 6, 1978.

 

The reference to Joseph Bogy IV as part of the Walker expedition seems possibly confirmed by a letter from Lewis V. Bogy to Charles Bogy, dated July 21, 1856 saying that Joseph IV had not been tried (for violation of the U.S. Neutrality Act?) but deported from the U.S. to Acapulco, Mexico where he planned to join General Walker in Nicaragua, in the Rose Mary Bogy Collection MHS. The reference to a Joseph Bogy who served as a wagon master in an emigrant expedition to Oregon in 1853 also cites his experience in a similar earlier drive to California. This type of western background would make him a natural recruit for Walker. See, James C. Jamison, With Walker in Nicaragua; or, a Reminiscence of an officer of the American Phalanx, Columbia, Mo: E.W. Stephens Pub. Co.,1909. 

 

The details of the claim are found in the Rose Mary Bogy file, with Uncle Lewis Vital serving as the go-between for the family and attorneys, Cox & Hall of St. Louis. The details of the claim are given in a printed form submitted to the Commission and give many details. I found no date of death for Joseph IV anywhere in the files. The Cornelia McKnight Bogy genealogy gives 1852 as the date of death and “South America” as the place—both certainly wrong.